Saturday, 8 August 2015

GEORGE WASHINGTON

George Washington was the First President of United States of America and the Military Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He was given the title of Father of his country due to his role in the American Revolutionary War and as the first President of the USA.

Early Life


George Washington was born in Virginia on 22nd February, 1732. His great-grandfather migrated from England to Virginia in 1657. His father, Augustine Washington, was a tobacco planter. George Washington acquired his elementary school education from an Anglican school in Fredericksburg. 

Role during French and Indian War

The French and Indian War (1754-1763) was the first military expedition of George Washington where he fought for the British. It was not a very successful experience. Washington remained victorious during his first small-scale Battle of Jumonville Glen but he badly failed in the next two battles. In the Battle of Fort Necessity (1754), Washington had to surrender after defeat while the British had to retreat after humiliating defeat in the Battle of the Monongahela (1755) against French. Later he served as colonel in the Virginia Regiment from 1755 to 1758 and commanded several campaigns against the Indians. Washington took retirement from military in December 1758.

His experience during this military career proved much helpful for him in the American Revolutionary War as he was aware about the weaknesses of the British military which he observed during the French and Indian War. He also learned main battlefield tactics during his military career. 

Role during American Revolution

George Washington started taking part in the political movement of America from 1767 when he opposed the taxes imposed on the American colonies by the British Parliament. In April 1775, the war broke out between the American revolutionaries and Britain while the Continental Army was formed in June 1775 by the Second Continental Congress while George Washington was appointed as the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.

The leadership of Washington proved very successful for the Continental Army and despite initial defeats; Continental Army remained at upper hand during different campaigns of the war including Boston campaign, New York & New jersey campaign, Philadelphia campaign and Yorktown campaign. In 1983, the treaties of Peace of Paris ended the British rule and established the United States of America. George Washington showed his military capabilities as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army and he played the most important role in the American victory. He remained at the forefront of several campaigns and used his previous experience for different tactics against British which he gained during the French and Indian War. 

Washington as President of USA

In 1789, Washington was elected as the first president of USA unanimously by the US Electoral College. He was re-elected in 1792. The main foreign affair during his tenure was the French Revolutionary Wars which lasted from 1792 to 1802. Washington decided to remain neutral during this conflict. The Whiskey Rebellion (1791-94) was the main domestic issue during the presidency of Washington. It was a major protest, mainly in Pennsylvania, against the taxation of all the distilled spirits which was imposed to reduce national debt. Washington successfully crushed this armed resistance with few casualties.

In March 1797, Washington took retirement from presidency and on 12th December 1799, he died at the age of 67. His role as commander-in-chief of Continental Army and as the first President of USA makes him the most important and respected personality of the history of USA

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